This section will teach you how to print Chinese documents, but without the demonstrations of how to set up your printer; that you have to make it all ready by yourself.
Tools introduced in this section are all for transformations to PostScript format; hence, you need to set your printer up in order to print PostScript files. If your printer doesn't support PostScript directly, you can install
Please refer to
cnprint is a printing tool for the purpose of changing Chinese text files into PostScript format, of which commands are the same as the standard ones. It supports GB, HZ, and BIG5 codes simultaneously.
Download it from
ftp://ftp.ifcss.org/pub/software/unix/print, of which name is
cnprint280.tar.gz contains only five files.
Compile it through this way below:
# ls cnprint.1 cnprint.cmd cnprint280.README cnprint.c cnprint.help
# gcc cnprint.c -o cnprint # mv cnprint /usr/local/bin # mv cnprint.1 /usr/local/man/man1
HBF fonts includes both description files and fonts files. A
.hbf is the header file describing fonts, with a texture of plain text, recording the file names of its fonts files.
Both of two files must be installed yourself. You can find them at
If you want to use
ccfs24.hbf, for example, which is a sort of simplified Sung-imitated style font, you must obtain these three following files:
In the ifcss fonts directory,
00index.txt lists all HBF fonts' filenames.
Establish a specific directory to store HBF fonts, just like
/usr/local/lib/chinese/HBF/, for instance. Put all HBF description files and fonts files you've got together under this directory, then export the complete directory pathname for HBF out of environmental variables.
# export HBFPATH="/usr/local/lib/chinese/HBF/"
cnprint.cmd contains some default values for
cnprint, that you have to fix them up to point to the HBF fonts you have installed, and then export it to
Now, you can use ``
# cp cnprint.cmd $HBFPATH
cnprint -w FILENAME'' to change Chinese text files into PostScript files well. For more information in detail, take a look at
cnprint 2.80 has been added a great deal of splendid abilities such as transformations amongst various code formats, for example, BIG5 <=> GB <=> HZ.
For BIG5 <=> GB, you need another tabulation for installing, though, which can be found from this following site:
ftp://ftp.ifcss.org/pub/software/unix/convert/hc.tabPut it under the fonts directory of HBF, and modify
cnprint.cmd, adding this
Not only, for BIG5 into GB codes, can the transformation of
cnprint 2.80 against words to words be done, but also the work against phases to phases. However,
cnprint itself didn't offer the dictionary for transformations, that means that you have to create a dictionary yourself if you need one. Please refer to
man cnprint for more details.
The purpose of this small program is to make PostScript files, which could not pork Chinese out to output devices, available for Chinese output. For example, when Netscape is printing files, it will transport files into PostScript formats first; however, the outputs of PostScript won't load Chinese fonts so that the original parts of Chinese words will become disturbed codes to output. This program can read PostScript in, and replace the disturbed codes with corresponding words; afterwards pork the results out to the standard output devices, which the output data can send to the printer that can print PostScript documents.
Pick ps2cps up from this site:
Untar and unzip this file, and modify Makefile according to your demands:
BINPATH : Installing pathname for binary ps2cps PS2CPSPATH : Resources files' pathname for PS2CPS PS2CPSRC : Filename of resources files for PS2CPS
Next step is
make all install.
You have to install HBF Chinese fonts first according to the previous section, and then modify your
The last item is used for adjustment of Chinese fonts' locations. Some Chinese fonts and the original English fonts may probably not locate on the same horizontal level line, so you can set this variable, of which numeric values ranging from -1.0 to +1.0, activated to adjust it up or down.
HBF_PATH: Define the directory pathname of HBF fonts HBF_NAME: Define filenames of HBF fonts(NOT including pathname) CH_WORD_SHIFT: Define shift of Chinese fonts
So, you can use that examples made from the founder to do some tests:
# ps2cps thhsieh.ps > c-thhsieh.ps
ghostviewto see whether you can see Chinese words or not.
However, this program is still under beta, there are so many problems waitting for resolving. If you have any questions or recommendations, you can send messages to the author directly: Tung-Han Hsieh < [email protected]>.
This is another program which can transform BIG5-based Chinese files into PostScript available for printing(the same as cnprint). But because it uses the TrueType fonts, the output is more beautiful than others. In addition, it has a script which can transform PostScript out of Netscape into Chinese. The author is Chen-Shan Chin < [email protected]>.
Get this software from this web site:
Decompress and compile it:
# mkdir bg2ps # cd bg2ps # tar xzvf bg5ps.tgz # gcc -O2 ttf2psm.c -o ttf2psm
Install TrueType fonts next. You can install it under the same directory of bg2ps or can assign another directory for use. Refer to
Installing TTF fonts for more explanations.
Then create a
.bg5ps.conf under the directory, and you can pick directly up the sample file coming with this program to modify.
The most important is to assign the directory where you installed the TrueType fonts to
chineseFontPath, and rename the content of
fontName to the fonts name you used.
Test the sample coming with it, and view the output as
# ./bg5ps -if test.big5 -of test.ps # ghostview test.ps
The nps2cps has no extra configuration files. You need to modify yourself
# nps2cps < netscape.ps > test.ps # ghostview test.ps
The gb2ps program is another tool for printing GB and HZ codes.
Put the fonts under certain self-established directory, just like
csong24.ccf ckai24.ccf cfang24.ccf chei24.ccfftp://ftp.ifcss.org/pub/software/fonts/gb/misc/
Change the settings in
Makefile before compiling gb2ps.
Then type these commands and hit return key,
# make # cp gb2ps /usr/local/bin